Scholae Palatinae

   Senior imperial guard unit, originally five regiments of 500 cavalrymen each, perhaps created by Constantine I (q.v.). Justin I (q.v.) added four additional regiments. They had a long and distinguished history, especially from the time of Constantine V (q.v.), when it became the most important tagma (q.v.), under the command of the domestikos (q.v.) ton scholon, who, on occasion, commanded the entire field army. Together, the scholae palatinae, the exkoubitores (q.v.), and (from the early ninth century) the hikanatoi (q.v.) formed an elite strike force.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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